The Mitigation Branch develops and maintains a comprehensive state and local mitigation planning program, which includes:
- Developing and maintaining the State Hazard Mitigation Plan,
- Providing training and technical assistance to local communities on Local Hazard Mitigation Plan (LHMP) development, and
- Reviewing LHMPs prior to their submittal to FEMA for approval.
A hazard mitigation plan is a strategic/guidance document used by an entity to reduce future risk to life and property. A hazard mitigation plan has the following elements:
- A public participation process for bringing together diverse stakeholders in the jurisdiction(s) to provide an array of input into the plan,
- A risk assessment to identify the hazards, determine the people and property subject to those hazards, and estimate vulnerability,
- A mitigation strategy that contains goals, objectives and an action plan to implement priority mitigation actions that reduce risk,
- A maintenance process to ensure the plan is reviewed, updated and does not sit idle, and
- An adoption requirement to ensure the participating jurisdictions support the plan.
Currently, Ohio is a national leader in LHMP development. All 88 counties have developed FEMA approved LHMPs. LHMPs are required to be updated every five years in order to maintain eligibility for FEMA Hazard Mitigation Assistance grant programs. For information on which communities are covered under a county LHMP, please click on Local Hazard Mitigation Plan (LHMP) Status Map.