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The Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC) was created to facilitate the sharing of resources between states. EMAC addresses issues of liability, state-specific certifications or authorities, and reimbursement in order to make state-to-state mutual aid possible in a timely manner.
This compact was established by states, for the states. It is not a federal program. There are, however, systems in the EMAC program which allow for close coordination with federal partners engaged in supporting affected states.
The diagram below outlines the entire EMAC process from state declaration of disaster to final reimbursement.
The success of EMAC is dependent on the cooperation of local resource providers, local emergency management, and the state emergency management agency. Many of the resources provided by Ohio to other states in past incidents have been local, not state-owned. Moreover, if resources from other states were to come into Ohio, those resources would be assigned to local incidents, through the state and county emergency operations centers, to work side-by-side with local response organizations.
Awareness of state-to-state mutual aid systems and processes is essential to ensure that large scale response and recovery operations run smoothly.
For additional information about EMAC in Ohio, please e-mail EMAC@dps.state.oh.us.